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Smart card
Post: #1

Definition

In this seminars ,is giving some basic concepts about smart cards. The physical and logical structure of the smart card and the corresponding security access control have been discussed in this seminars . It is believed that smart cards offer more security and confidentiality than the other kinds of information or transaction storage. Moreover, applications applied with smart card technologies are illustrated which demonstrate smart card is one of the best solutions to provide and enhance their system with security and integrity.

The seminars also covers the contactless type smart card briefly. Different kinds of scheme to organise and access of multiple application smart card are discussed. The first and second schemes are practical and workable on these days, and there is real applications developed using those models. For the third one, multiple independent applications in a single card, there is still a long way to go to make it becomes feasible because of several reasons.

At the end of the paper, an overview of the attack techniques on the smart card is discussed as well. Having those attacks does not mean that smart card is unsecure. It is important to realise that attacks against any secure systems are nothing new or unique. Any systems or technologies claiming 100% secure are irresponsible. The main consideration of determining whether a system is secure or not depends on whether the level of security can meet the requirement of the system.

The smart card is one of the latest additions to the world of information technology. Similar in size to today's plastic payment card, the smart card has a microprocessor or memory chip embedded in it that, when coupled with a reader, has the processing power to serve many different applications. As an access-control device, smart cards make personal and business data available only to the appropriate users. Another application provides users with the ability to make a purchase or exchange value. Smart cards provide data portability, security and convenience. Smart cards come in two varieties: memory and microprocessor.

Memory cards simply store data and can be viewed as a small floppy disk with optional security. A microprocessor card, on the other hand, can add, delete and manipulate information in its memory on the card. Similar to a miniature computer, a microprocessor card has an input/output port operating system and hard disk with built-in security features. On a fundamental level, microprocessor cards are similar to desktop computers. They have operating systems, they store data and applications, they compute and process information and they can be protected with sophisticated security tools. The self-containment of smart card makes it resistant to attack as it does not need to depend upon potentially vulnerable external resources. Because of this characteristic, smart cards are often used in different applications, which require strong security protection and authentication
Post: #2
please read http://seminarprojectst-latest-smart-card-features-full-report and http://seminarprojectst-smart-card-full-report and http://seminarprojectst-smart-cards--4505 and http://seminarprojectst-smart-cards--4991 for getting all information about smart cards
Post: #3
Please send me the report on Contactless Smartcard
Regards

Sushma
Post: #4
[attachment=10727]
ABSTRACT
Title: Smart card technology

In this seminars, is giving some basic concepts about smart cards. The physical and logical structure of the smart card and the corresponding security access control has been discussed in this seminars.
It is believed that smart cards offer more security and confidentiality than the other kinds of information or transaction storage. Moreover, applications applied with smart card technologies are illustrated which demonstrate smart card is one of the best solutions to provide and enhance their system with security and integrity.
The seminars also covers the contactless type smart card briefly. Different kinds of scheme to organise and access of multiple application smart card are discussed.
The first and second schemes are practical and workable on these days, and there is real applications developed using those models. For the third one, multiple independent applications in a single card, there is still a long way to go to make it becomes feasible because of several reasons.
At the end of the paper, an overview of the attack techniques on the smart card is discussed as well. Having those attacks does not mean that smart card is unsecure. It is important to realise that attacks against any secure systems are nothing new or unique.
Any systems or technologies claiming 100% secure are irresponsible. The main consideration of determining whether a system is secure or not depends on whether the level of security can meet the requirement of the system.
Definition
The smart card is one of the latest additions to the world of information technology. Similar in size to today's plastic payment card, the smart card has a microprocessor or memory chip embedded in it that, when coupled with a reader, has the processing power to serve many different applications. As an access-control device, smart cards make personal and business data available only to the appropriate users. Another application provides users with the ability to make a purchase or exchange value. Smart cards provide data portability, security and convenience. Smart cards come in two varieties: memory and microprocessor.
Memory cards simply store data and can be viewed as a small floppy disk with optional security. A microprocessor card, on the other hand, can add, delete and manipulate information in its memory on the card. Similar to a miniature computer, a microprocessor card has an input/output port operating system and hard disk with built-in security features. On a fundamental level, microprocessor cards are similar to desktop computers.
They have operating systems, they store data and applications, they compute and process information and they can be protected with sophisticated security tools. The self-containment of smart card makes it resistant to attack as it does not need to depend upon potentially vulnerable external resources. Because of this characteristic, smart cards are often used in different applications, which require strong security protection and authentication.
Manufacturing Technology
Manufacturing a smart card involves much more than just sticking a chip on the Plastic. The plastic used is usually P.V.C (poly vinyl chloride), but other substitutes like A.B.S (acryl nitrite butadiene styrene), P.C (polycarbonate) and PET is also used. The chip Is also known as micro module, is very thin and is embodied into the plastic substrate or Card. To do this a cavity is formed or milled into the plastic card. Then either a cold or hot glue process bonds the micro module to the cards.
Application
The SIM (subscriber identification module) cards in cell phones are smart cards, and act as a repository for information like owner ID, cash balance, etc. More than 300 million of these cards are being used worldwide today.
Small dish TV satellite receivers also use smart cards for storing subscription information. These are over four million in the US alone and millions more in Europe and Asia.
There are tons of other applications that smart cards can be used for. For example, they could be used for computer or internet user authentication, or for simply giving physical access through a gate. You could have resort membership cards, or tickets for mass transport such as metro rails and busses. Smart cards can be extremely useful in Government departments department such as in collecting toll tax on highways, or as identity cards, passports etc.
Another Feature From Smart Card
HP business notebooks include another layer of security in addition to smart card authentication. The Trusted Platform Module (also called T_P_M) embedded security chip lets you perform platform authentication. The TPM chip has a unique key burned in during manufacture. By using the TPM, you can protect against unauthorized access even before the operating system loads.
Another security feature is Single Sign-On (SSO), which helps prevent unauthorized access to your computer and protects your online and network credentials. SSO allows you to create a vault of passwords that are available whenever you access a logon dialog box or web page.
A final security option is a biometric fingerprint reader embedded in your HP business notebook. You can use this to log on to Windows rather than typing a password. Using your fingerprint to log on is more secure because it eliminates the possibility of someone guessing your password. It takes just a few minutes to record your fingerprints in the reader.
Smart Cards:
Smart Cards Processor cards (and therefore memory too) Credit card size With or without contacts. Cards have an operating system too. The OS provides A standard way of interchanging information An interpretation of the commands and data. Cards must interface to a computer or terminal through a standard card reader.
Typical Configurations:
Typical Configurations 256 bytes to 4KB RAM. 8KB to 32KB ROM. 1KB to 32KB EEPROM. Crypto-coprocessors (implementing 3DES, RSA etc., in hardware) are optional. 8-bit to 16-bit CPU. 8051 based designs are common. The price of a mid-level chip when produced in bulk is less than US$1.
Smart Card Readers:
 Computer based readers
Connect through USB or COM (Serial) ports
 Dedicated terminals
 Usually with a small screen, keypad, printer, often also
have biometric devices such as thumb print scanner.
Smart Card Readers dedicated terminals usually with a small screen, keypad, printer, often also have biometric devices such as thumb print scanner. Computer based readers Connect through USB or COM (Serial) ports.
Terminal/PC Card Interaction :
Terminal/PC Card Interaction The terminal/PC sends commands to the card (through the serial line). The card executes the command and sends back the reply. The terminal/PC cannot directly access memory of the card data in the
card is protected from unauthorized access. This is what makes the card smart.
Post: #5
•A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits which can process data. This implies that it can receive input which is processed -- by way of the ICC applications and delivered as an output.Smart cards can provide identification, authentication, data storage and application processing.A smart card is a plastic card about the size of a credit card, with an embedded microchip that can be loaded with data, used for telephone calling, electronic cash payments, and other applications, and then periodically refreshed for additional use.
Post: #6
Smart card

[attachment=17649]

INTRODUCTION

AN INTRODUCTION TO SMART CARDS

It has been said that smart cards will one day be as important as computers are today. This statement contains a bit of an error because it implies that smart cards are not computers, when in fact, they are. Because smart cards are indeed tiny computers, it’s difficult to predict the variety of applications that will be possible with them in the future. It’s quite possible that smart cards will follow the same trend of rapid increases in processing power that computers have, following "Moore’s Law" and doubling in performance while halving in cost every eighteen months.


DEFINITION OF A SMART CARD

The smart card is one of the latest additions to the world of information technology. Similar in size to today's plastic payment card, the smart card has a microprocessor or memory chip embedded in it that, when coupled with a reader, has the processing power to serve many different applications. This chip is the engine room of the smart card, and indeed is what makes it 'smart'. The information or data stored on the IC chip is transferred through an electronic module that interconnects with a terminal or a card reader.



HISTORY OF SMART CARDS

The roots of the current day smart card can be traced back to the US in the early 1950s when Diners Club produced the first all-plastic card to be used for payment applications. The synthetic material PVC was used which allowed for longer-lasting cards than previously conventional paper based cards. In this system, the mere fact that you were issued a Diners Club card allowed you to pay with your "good name" rather than cash. In effect, the card identified you as a member of a select group, and was accepted by certain restaurants and hotels that recognized this group.
 

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