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magnegas-fuel
Post: #1

The Magnegas was originally conceived to process crude oil into a fuel, less polluting than gasoline at a cost smaller than that of conventional refineries (Scientific background). these objectives have been industrially achieved with currently available, from 50 Kw to 500 Kw that can gasify crude oil into MagneGas fuel. The gasification is based on a new process called PlasmaArcFlowTM , based on the recirculation of the liquid feedstock through a submerged electric arc between graphite electrodes. MagneGas Refineries can also process various liquid wastes, such as engine oil waste, cooking oil waste, paint thinner wastes, liquid wastes from olive oil production, whey from cheese production, and other liquid wastes. In fact, the PlasmaArcFlow process sees no appreciable difference in gasifying crude oil or engine oil waste.


MagneGas is composed of about 55%-60% hydrogen H2, 22%-25% carbon monoxide CO, the rest is given by O2, CO2 and H2O. Under proper combustion, Magnegas exhaust is composed of about 40% to 50% water vapor, 12% to 14% oxygen, 5% to 7% CO2, and the rest is given by atmospheric gases. MagneGas is much cleaner than fossil fuels because it does not contain appreciable hydrocarbons. MagneGas is synthesized at about 10,000o F of the plasma surrounding the electric arc, under which conditions no HydroCarbon can survive. a distinct feature of the MagneGas Technology is that of producing fuel where and when desired, thus allowing car dealers, gasoline stations, fleet owners and other users to become producers of their own fuel locally.

An important application of MagneGas is its use as additive to clean fossil fuel exhaust.the addition of MagneGas to coal combustion burns HydroCarbons, Carbon Monoxide and other contaminants in coal exhaust in a way proportionate to the used MagneGas. Similarly, the addition of magnegas to natural gas improves distinctly its environmental quality, all the way to the possible green electricity, again, depending on the used percentage of magnegas.
Post: #2
want full seminars with report and ppt
Post: #3
Magnegas
MagneGas contains about 60% of hydrogen in a mixture with other gases. hydrogen can be produced from it via simple means like molecular separation and ti also has many environmental advantages. Recycling Liquid Waste into a Clean Burning, Cost Competitive Fuel
MAGNEGAS REFINERIES
The MagneGas Corporation produces various MagneGas Refineries operating in 'Total Mode' for converting the liquid feedstock into:
1) MagneGas for any needed fuel usage;
2) Heat usable with a heat exchanger in various forms;
3) Carbonaceous residues that can be used for the production of electrodes etc.
any gaseous, liquid or solid substance are not released into the environment during this process. The motto of the company is to maximize the production of the fuel while minimizing the recycling of the liquid feedstock like crude oil. the new combustion of carbon in the plasma surrounding the electric arc is the main fuel for the process , due to which the process is very efficient.
Plasma arc flow technology:
[Image: PAF.gif]

main components of MagneGas Refineries
a)CONTROL PANELS: for controlling the flow
b)PLASMA-ARC-FLOW MODULE: In this , a submerged electric arc gasifies the liquid feedstock.
c)REFILL STATION: liquid feedstock is refilled through this.
d)COOLING STATION: the liquid feedstock is cooled via this .
e)MAGNEGAS STATION : this is for filtering, de-humidification and compression of magnegas up to 5,000 psi and this can be directly used in electricity generation.

For further details, refer these links:
http://magnegasindex.html
http://magnegasMagnegas-Refineries.html
http://magnegasSewage-Recyclers.html
http://magnegasSludge-Recyclers.html

we also have this ppt:
[attachment=4024]
Post: #4


ABSTRACT
Magnegas is a new combustible gas which is produced as a byproduct in the recycling of liquid feedstock (such as automotive antifreeze and oil waste, city and farm sewage, etc.) or the processing of carbon-rich liquids(such as crude oil, etc.). A new technology, called Plasma Arc Flow, flows the liquid wastes through a submerged electric arc between convectional electrodes. The arc essentially decomposes the liquid molecules into plasma at 7,000° F composed of mostly ionized H, O and C atoms, plus solid precipitates. The technology then moves the constituents away from the electrodes and controls the recombination of H, O and C into an environmentally acceptable fuel. Magnegas has energy content considerably bigger than that predicted by quantum chemistry, since it can store energy in three different levels: magnecules, molecules, and new internal molecular bonds. As a result, the combustion of conventional fuels can be conceived as a single rocket firing, while the combustion of ,magnegas can be referred to the burning of a multi-stage rocket, with intriguing new features. The exhaust of magnegas show: absence of carcinogenic or other toxic substances: breathable oxygen up to 14% and carbon dioxide to .01%.Magnegas offer serious possibilities to satisfy our ever increasing energy needs, as well as to contain the alarming environmental problems caused by fossil fuels.



Post: #5


[attachment=7848]

ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS CAUSED BY FOSSIL FUELS ,HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELLS

EMISSION OF CARCINOGENIC AND TOXIC SUBSTANCES.

INCREASE IN ATMOSPHERIC CO2.

EXCESSIVE REMOVAL OF BRETHABLE OXYGEN.

INCREASED RELEASE OF NITROGEN OXIDES.


REQUIREMENTS OF NEW FUEL


AVOID ALARMING ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS.

USABLE IN EXISTING IC ENGINES.

LESS COSTS.

SAFER THAN GASOLINE.
WHAT IS MAGNEGAS?

NON-POLLUTING ,HIGH PERFORMANCE FUEL.

PRODUCED BY RECYCLING LIQUID WASTES.

MAN MADE FUEL COMPOSED OF MAGNECULES.

UPGRADATION OF H2 TO FUEL.
MAGNEGAS-THE PROCESS

Polluted liquids enter the Plasma Arc Flow Chamber
An electric current passes through liquid heating it to 10,000º F or 5,500º C
The liquid breaks down to the atomic level separating into base elements
Some of these elements naturally form into Magnegas and rises for collection
The byproducts are sterilized water and carbon
SANTINILLI’S PLASSMA ARC RECYCLERS
TOTAL RECYCLER
CONTINUOS CIRCULATION OF LIQUID FEEDSTOCK.
BY PRODUCTS ARE COMBUSTIBLE GAS AND HEAT.
LINEAR RECYCLER
CIRCULATION OF BIO-CONTAMINATED LIQUID THROUGH INSULATED TUBES.
BY PRODUCTS ARE COMBUSTIBLE GAS AND FILTERED WATER.
STAGES OF PRODUCTION
PRETREATMENT OF INFLUENTS TO REMOVE ORGANIC SOLVENTS.

GRIT REMOVAL.

PROCESSING SEWAGE THROUGH THE ARC.

MAGNEGAS PROCESSING.


MAGNEGAS COMPOSITION
THE COMPOSITION OF MAGNEGAS VARIES WITH THE COMPOSITION OF THE INPUT FEEDSTOCK.

MAGNEGAS EXHAUST COMPOSITIONS IN AUTOMOBILES

COMPARISON OF FUELS
ADVANTAGES OF MAGNEGAS

CLEAN BURNING WITH LESS GREEN HOUSE EMISSIONS.

HIGH BTU–IDEAL FOR COMBUSTION ENGINES.

MOBILE REFINING UNITS FOR ON SITE GAS PRODUCTION.

NO OR LESS FEEDSTOCK COST

USES OF MAGNEGAS
CAN BE USED AS AN AUTOMOTIVE FUEL.

USED FOR METAL CUTTING AND WELDING.

USED AS AN ENERGY STORAGE.

USED AS AN ADDICTIVE IN COAL PLANTS.

USED FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION.






[attachment=7849]

INTRODUCTION
1.1 PRESENT SCENARIO
According to official data by recent U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) release, about 74 million barrels of fossil oil, corresponding to about four-billion gallons of gasoline, are consumed in our planet per day. The combustion of such an enormous amount of fossil fuel per day has caused increasingly alarming environmental problems, such as:
1. Measurable emission in our atmosphere of the largest amount of carcinogenic and other toxic substances;
2. Measurable oxygen depletion in our planet due to the fact that the sum of the oxygen emitted in the combustion exhaust and that recycled by plants from the emitted CO2 is smaller than the oxygen used in the combustion (negative oxygen balance);
3. Measurable increase of carbon dioxide of dramatic proportions, with potentially catastrophic climactic changes; and other environmental problems, such as the production of poisonous NOx.
As a result of studies initiated in the early 1980's at Harvard University under DOE support has recently developed a new technology, called PlasmaArcFlow, for the production of environmentally acceptable combustible gases, called magnegases. The new technology is primarily conceived to recycle non-radioactive liquid feedstock, such as antifreeze waste, engine oil waste, town sewage, as well as crude oil, etc., by making the liquid to flow through a submerged electric arc between submerged electrodes within a metal vessel. The arc decomposes the liquid into its atomic constituents, ionizes the atoms, and forms plasma in the immediate vicinity of the tip
of the electrodes at about 10,000 degree Fahrenheit. The new technology then moves the plasma away from the arc, and controls its recombination into magnegases which
bubble to the liquid surface where they are collected with various means, are pumped into conventional, low or high pressure, gas storage tanks, and then used for metal cutting, heating, cooking, automotive, and any other fuel application.

HISTORY
The MagneGas technology originated from the vision of President, now Nobel Laureate Jimmy Carter, who’s Administration, under his guidance, solicited the U. S.
Department of Energy to invite Prof. Ruggero Maria Santilli in the late 1970's, then at Harvard University, to apply for research grant for the development of new clean energies and fuels. The invitation was the result of the fact that Prof. Santilli was already known at that time for his research in surpassing established doctrines.
In 1979, jointly with senior mathematicians at Harvard, Prof. Santilli became the Co Principal Investigator of the following DOE research grants ER-78-S-02-47420.A000,
AS02-78ER04 (742, DE-AC02-80ER10651, DE-AC02-80ER-10651.A001, and DE-AC02-80ER10651.A002, under administration by Harvard University. Still as of today, Prof. Santilli remains deeply grateful to President Carter and his Administration for their vision which permitted the birth of basic advances.
By the late 1970s, all energies and fuels predicted by quantum mechanics had been essentially discovered. Therefore, the above research grants were used for the construction of a generalization of quantum mechanics today known as Hadronic mechanics, a name indicating the primary applicability of the new mechanics in the
interior of "hadrons" (which are all strongly interacting particles such as protons and neutrons), as well as to systems possessing similar physical characteristics (technically characterized by nonlocal, nonlinear and no potential interactions due to the mutual overlapping of the wave packets of particles at short distances which are beyond any home of treatment via quantum mechanics due to its strictly local, linear and potential structure).Since there cannot be really new mechanics for nonlocal, nonlinear and no potential systems without surpassing the pre-existing mathematics for local, linear and potential systems, and since there cannot be really new mathematics without new numbers, Prof. Santilli's primary effort was the search of new numbers, today known as Santilli iso-, geno-, hyper- and isodual numbers, from which new mechanics and, consequently, new industrial applications, can follow uniquely and unambiguously.
Upon termination of the DOE support, in January 1984 Prof. Santilli assumed the position of President of the Institute for Basic Research, then in a Victorian house located on Harvard's grounds, and jointly entered into a scientific consulting agreement with a private corporation for the development of the industrial applications of Hadronic mechanics to new clean energies and fuels. According to this agreement, the private corporation provided Prof. Santilli with his salary, office facilities and research support. In turn, Prof. Santilli systematically assigned to this corporation all intellectual rights resulting from his research, a condition which is still
in effect at this writing. Following the signature of the consulting agreement of 1984, the first experimental tests on new energies and fuels based on Hadronic mechanics were conducted in the early 1990s. The first patent application was filed in June 20, 1994, on the basic equipment of the new technology, scientifically called hadronic reactors (because based on hadronic mechanics) and industrially known as PlasmaArcFlow Recyclers.
The first patent application on the new chemical species of Santilli electro-magnecules, from which the new technology received its name, was filed on January 7, 1997. Numerous industrial developments followed since that time, with a total investment to date in excess of five million dollars. The technology is today protected by numerous patents and patent applications in the U.S.A. and abroad.



 

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