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Digital Signature Full Seminar Report Download
Post: #1

Digital Signature

Abstract :

The authenticity of many legal, financial, and other documents is determined by the presence or absence of an authorized handwritten signature. The recipient of the signed document can verify the claimed identity of the sender using the signature. Also, if the sender later repudiates the contents of the document, then recipient can use the signature to prove the validity of the document.

With the computerized message systems replacing the physical transport of paper and ink documents, an effective solution for authentication of the electronic data is necessary. Various methods have been devised to solve this problem, but the use of Ëœdigital signatureâ„¢ is definitely the best solution amongst them.

A digital signature is nothing but an attachment to any piece of electronic information, which represents the content of the document and the identity of the originator of that document uniquely. The digital signature is intended for use in electronic mail, electronic funds transfer, electronic data interchange, software distribution, data storage, and other applications which require data integrity assurance and data origin authentication.

When a message is received, the recipient may desire to verify that the message has not been altered in transit. Furthermore, the recipient may wish to be certain of the originator's identity. Both of these services can be provided by the digital signature. A digital signature is an electronic analogue of a written signature in that the digital signature can be used in proving to the recipient or a third party that the message was, in fact, signed by the originator. Digital signatures may also be generated for stored data and programs so that the integrity of the data and programs may be verified at any later time.

Although there are various approaches to implement the digital signature, this report discusses the ËœDigital Signature Standardâ„¢. It specifies the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) which is appropriate for applications requiring a digital rather than written signature. The DSA is considered as the standard procedure to generate and verify digital signatures. A DSA digital signature is a pair of large numbers represented in a computer as strings of binary digits.

Full Seminar Report Download

http://rapidsharefiles/190047670/Digital_Signature.rar
Post: #2
this report is very help full for me
Post: #3
i am happy for this report
Post: #4
Hearti happy for your report this incerse my knowledge
Post: #5
Presented by :
SNIGDHA ADHIKARY

[attachment=11253]
Why do we need Digital Signature ???
 A MAC can provide message integrity and message authentication.
 MAC has a drawback. It needs a symmetric key that must be establish between the sender and the receiver.
 A digital signature on the other hand, can use a pair of asymmetric key (one public and a private key).
What is Digital signature ???
 A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for demonstrating the authenticity of a digital message or document.
 A valid digital signature gives a recipient reason to believe that the message was created by a known sender, and was not altered in transit.
 Digital signatures are commonly used for software distribution, financial transactions, and in cases where it is important to detect forgery and tampering .
Various methods of employing Digital Signature:-
 Using asymmetric –key Cipher.
 Using Keyed Hash function.
Public key Cryptography
• Public-key cryptography involves the use of asymmetric key algorithms.
• Asymmetric key algorithms used to create a mathematically related key pair.
• A secret Private key and a published Public key.
• Protects the confidentiality and integrity of a message.
• The message is Encrypted using the Public key, which can only be Decrypted using the Private key.
Digital Signature using Keyed Hash Function:
The electronics/equivalent of the document and finger print pair is the message and digest pair. To preserve the integrity of a message. The message is passed through an algorithm, called hash function.
The hashed function creates a compressed image of the message that can be used as a fingerprint.
 For compatibility.
 For integrity.
 For efficiency.
Cryptographic protocol
 Cryptographic protocol or Encryption protocol is an abstract or concrete protocol performing a security-related function and applies cryptographic methods. A cryptographic protocol usually incorporates at least some of these aspects:
 Key agreement or establishment.
 Entity authentication.
 Symmetric encryption and message authentication material construction.
 Secured application-level data transport.
 Non-repudiation methods.
Uses of digital signatures
1. Authentication.
2. Integrity .
Additional security precautions:-
1. Putting the private key on a smart card.
2. Using smart card readers with a separate keyboard.
3. Other smart card designs.
4. Using digital signatures only with trusted applications.
FUTURE SCENARIO
 Digital encryption of data is useful during storage and retrieval of medical history of patients involved in e-Health programs.
 The growth of e-commerce and the recent enactment of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) has opened a new frontier.
 With this constant development key management is becoming an issue.
 Advancements in HotJava and JavaPlugin based technologies will maintain fluidity and flexibility in key management.
Post: #6
hi can i get the report , i mean document for the same ...
Post: #7
plz send a full report to my email - fruit_ooi10[at]yahoo.com. thank~
Post: #8
More details of digital signature is available in this thread:
http://seminarprojectst-digital-signature-full-report
Post: #9
i couldnt download the documents due to the link given.am specially appealing for a better link for the download...............thanks
Post: #10
Hi,
If it was downloading trouble here is the same report reposted:
[attachment=13958]
Post: #11
i read through your post and is the most advance topic i have read. pls i would love if i can get it in full in doc format. solomyn2002[at]yahoo.com that is my email.
thank you.
Post: #12
[attachment=14860]
What Are Signatures?
Signature For Evidence:

A signature authenticates writing by identifying the signer with the signed document. When the signer makes a mark in a distinctive manner, the writing becomes attributable to the signer.
Why Digital Signatures Are Needed?
Now in computer age where every thing is happening lightning fast the computer base information is utilized effectively then the paper counterpart.
Today it is not possible for us to reach every where in the world to sign a document.
We all know computer can read digital information.
In computer information stored as bits rather than as atoms of ink and paper can travel near the speed of light.
But it may be duplicated without limit and with insignificant cost.
Although the basic nature of transactions has not changed.
So legal and business communities must develop rules and practices, which use new technology to achieve and surpass the effects historically expected from paper forms.
Digital signatures are the solution of this problem.
Like the signature we use on written documents today, digital signatures are now being used to identify authors/co-signers of e-mail or electronic data.
How Does A Digital Signature Work?
A Digital Signature is created using a Digital Certificate.
How do Digital Certificates work?
A Digital Certificate binds a public key to an individual or organization. The binding of a public key to an individual or organization is certified by a trusted source (usually a Certification Authority or CA).
Digital Certificates are based on Public Key Cryptography, a scheme that uses public and private key pairs.
The private key is known only by the owner and is used to create a digital signature.
This key must be kept private at all times by the user.
The public key is widely known and is used to verify the digital signature.
When the owner of public key verify a digital signature, he\she can know the identify the person who has signed the message.
A public and private key is simply a pair of numbers.
This association is achieved in a Digital Certificate that binds the public key to an identity.
A Digital Certificate makes it possible to verify someone's claim that they have the right to use
A given key, helping to prevent people from using phony keys to impersonate other users.
Used in conjunction with encryption, Digital Certificates provide a more complete security solution, assuring the identity of all parties Involved in a transaction.
How Digital Signature Is Created ?
To sign a document or any other item of information, the signer first delimits precisely the borders of what is to be signed.
The delimited information to be signed is termed as message .
Then a hash function in the signer’s software computes a hash unique result (for all practical purposes) to the message. The signer’s software then trans­forms the hash result into a digital signature using the signer’s private key.
The resulting digital signature is thus unique to both the message and the private key used to create it.
Who Can Use A Digital Certificate?
Anyone who does transactions over the Internet and wants those to be secured.
For example
Imagine that you are employee of a company that has a website/network with restricted access, than you will probably need a Digital Certificate to authenticate yourself on this website.
If you are tired of queuing in a bank? You want to do Home Banking? Then you also need a Certificate to authenticate yourself.
If you are developing ActiveX, or Java Applets? Then also you need a Certificate to digitally sign your applet and have people trust it!
What Is Cryptography?
Cryptography is the science of transforming information from readable (in plaintext) to information which is not readable.
In this process, information is coded (encryption) to stop it from being read or altered by anyone but the intended recipient. It may be intercepted, but it will not be intelligible to someone without the ability to decode (decryption) the message.
Encryption and decryption require a mathematical formula or "algorithm" to convert data between readable and encoded formats and a key.
What Is Public Key Cryptography?
In a public key cryptography system, two keys are required in order for two parties to exchange information in a secure fashion: a public key and a private key.
If one key is used to encrypt a message, then only the other key in the pair can be used to decrypt it.
Although the keys of the public and private key pair are mathematically related, it is computationally infeasible to derive one key from the other, so the private key is protected from duplication or forgery even when someone knows the public key.
Therefore, it is safe to openly distribute your public key for everyone to use, but it is essential that your private key remains closely guarded and secret.
The public key can be used to verify a message signed with the private key or encrypt messages that can only be decrypted using the private key.
If someone wants to send you an encrypted message, they encrypt the message with your public key and you, being the sole possessor of the corresponding private key of the pair, are the only one who can decrypt it.
What Is Key?
A key is a single numeric value that is part of an algorithm for encrypting text.
It is a sequence of characters used to encode and decode a file.
For a symmetric key algorithm, the same key is used for both encryption and decryption. For public key algorithms, the publicly known key can only encrypt the messages, the privately held key must be used to decrypt the messages.
What Kind Of Keys Are Used In Digital Signatures?
Digital signatures use public key cryptography.
i.e Two keys are used to encrypt and decrypt a message.
A Digital Signature is created using a person's "private" key. The recipient checks the signature using that person's "public" key.
Post: #13
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Post: #14
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Post: #15
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Post: #18
Big Grin
(29-03-2011 02:21 PM)seminar class Wrote:  Presented by :
SNIGDHA ADHIKARY


Why do we need Digital Signature ???
 A MAC can provide message integrity and message authentication.
 MAC has a drawback. It needs a symmetric key that must be establish between the sender and the receiver.
 A digital signature on the other hand, can use a pair of asymmetric key (one public and a private key).
What is Digital signature ???
 A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for demonstrating the authenticity of a digital message or document.
 A valid digital signature gives a recipient reason to believe that the message was created by a known sender, and was not altered in transit.
 Digital signatures are commonly used for software distribution, financial transactions, and in cases where it is important to detect forgery and tampering .
Various methods of employing Digital Signature:-
 Using asymmetric –key Cipher.
 Using Keyed Hash function.
Public key Cryptography
• Public-key cryptography involves the use of asymmetric key algorithms.
• Asymmetric key algorithms used to create a mathematically related key pair.
• A secret Private key and a published Public key.
• Protects the confidentiality and integrity of a message.
• The message is Encrypted using the Public key, which can only be Decrypted using the Private key.
Digital Signature using Keyed Hash Function:
The electronics/equivalent of the document and finger print pair is the message and digest pair. To preserve the integrity of a message. The message is passed through an algorithm, called hash function.
The hashed function creates a compressed image of the message that can be used as a fingerprint.
 For compatibility.
 For integrity.
 For efficiency.
Cryptographic protocol
 Cryptographic protocol or Encryption protocol is an abstract or concrete protocol performing a security-related function and applies cryptographic methods. A cryptographic protocol usually incorporates at least some of these aspects:
 Key agreement or establishment.
 Entity authentication.
 Symmetric encryption and message authentication material construction.
 Secured application-level data transport.
 Non-repudiation methods.
Uses of digital signatures
1. Authentication.
2. Integrity .
Additional security precautions:-
1. Putting the private key on a smart card.
2. Using smart card readers with a separate keyboard.
3. Other smart card designs.
4. Using digital signatures only with trusted applications.
FUTURE SCENARIO
 Digital encryption of data is useful during storage and retrieval of medical history of patients involved in e-Health programs.
 The growth of e-commerce and the recent enactment of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) has opened a new frontier.
 With this constant development key management is becoming an issue.
 Advancements in HotJava and JavaPlugin based technologies will maintain fluidity and flexibility in key management.


digital singture hiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii​iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
Post: #19
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Post: #20
SmileSmileBig Grin
(29-03-2011 02:21 PM)seminar class Wrote:  Presented by :
SNIGDHA ADHIKARY


Why do we need Digital Signature ???
 A MAC can provide message integrity and message authentication.
 MAC has a drawback. It needs a symmetric key that must be establish between the sender and the receiver.
 A digital signature on the other hand, can use a pair of asymmetric key (one public and a private key).
What is Digital signature ???
 A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for demonstrating the authenticity of a digital message or document.
 A valid digital signature gives a recipient reason to believe that the message was created by a known sender, and was not altered in transit.
 Digital signatures are commonly used for software distribution, financial transactions, and in cases where it is important to detect forgery and tampering .
Various methods of employing Digital Signature:-
 Using asymmetric –key Cipher.
 Using Keyed Hash function.
Public key Cryptography
• Public-key cryptography involves the use of asymmetric key algorithms.
• Asymmetric key algorithms used to create a mathematically related key pair.
• A secret Private key and a published Public key.
• Protects the confidentiality and integrity of a message.
• The message is Encrypted using the Public key, which can only be Decrypted using the Private key.
Digital Signature using Keyed Hash Function:
The electronics/equivalent of the document and finger print pair is the message and digest pair. To preserve the integrity of a message. The message is passed through an algorithm, called hash function.
The hashed function creates a compressed image of the message that can be used as a fingerprint.
 For compatibility.
 For integrity.
 For efficiency.
Cryptographic protocol
 Cryptographic protocol or Encryption protocol is an abstract or concrete protocol performing a security-related function and applies cryptographic methods. A cryptographic protocol usually incorporates at least some of these aspects:
 Key agreement or establishment.
 Entity authentication.
 Symmetric encryption and message authentication material construction.
 Secured application-level data transport.
 Non-repudiation methods.
Uses of digital signatures
1. Authentication.
2. Integrity .
Additional security precautions:-
1. Putting the private key on a smart card.
2. Using smart card readers with a separate keyboard.
3. Other smart card designs.
4. Using digital signatures only with trusted applications.
FUTURE SCENARIO
 Digital encryption of data is useful during storage and retrieval of medical history of patients involved in e-Health programs.
 The growth of e-commerce and the recent enactment of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) has opened a new frontier.
 With this constant development key management is becoming an issue.
 Advancements in HotJava and JavaPlugin based technologies will maintain fluidity and flexibility in key management.


hiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii​iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
Post: #21
Digital Signature Full Seminar Report Download

Abstract :

The authenticity of many legal, financial, and other documents is determined by the presence or absence of an authorized handwritten signature. The recipient of the signed document can verify the claimed identity of the sender using the signature. Also, if the sender later repudiates the contents of the document, then recipient can use the signature to prove the validity of the document.

With the computerized message systems replacing the physical transport of paper and ink documents, an effective solution for authentication of the electronic data is necessary. Various methods have been devised to solve this problem, but the use of Ëœdigital signatureâ„¢ is definitely the best solution amongst them.

A digital signature is nothing but an attachment to any piece of electronic information, which represents the content of the document and the identity of the originator of that document uniquely. The digital signature is intended for use in electronic mail, electronic funds transfer, electronic data interchange, software distribution, data storage, and other applications which require data integrity assurance and data origin authentication.

When a message is received, the recipient may desire to verify that the message has not been altered in transit. Furthermore, the recipient may wish to be certain of the originator's identity. Both of these services can be provided by the digital signature. A digital signature is an electronic analogue of a written signature in that the digital signature can be used in proving to the recipient or a third party that the message was, in fact, signed by the originator. Digital signatures may also be generated for stored data and programs so that the integrity of the data and programs may be verified at any later time.

Although there are various approaches to implement the digital signature, this report discusses the ËœDigital Signature Standardâ„¢. It specifies the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) which is appropriate for applications requiring a digital rather than written signature. The DSA is considered as the standard procedure to generate and verify digital signatures. A DSA digital signature is a pair of large numbers represented in a computer as strings of binary digits.
 

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